Backgammon history begins about years ago in Mesopotamia (today's Iran, Iraq and Syria) with a game called the Royal Game of Ur. Archeological digs in. Backgammon is a simple game for two that has been popular for centuries. Learn the basic rules and start having fun. Post Classical HistoryBackgammon. Offline Backgammon That's right! You can now play Backgammon FREE and dive straight into one of the oldest and most strategy-intense board games ever!
backgammon turnier regelnBackgammon is one of the oldest known board tekamahchamberofcommerce.com history can be traced back nearly 5, years to archaeological discoveries in. Backgammon history begins about years ago in Mesopotamia (today's Iran, Iraq and Syria) with a game called the Royal Game of Ur. Archeological digs in. Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel. Dabei gewinnt jener Spieler, der als.
Backgammon History Navigation menu VideoThe history of backgammon Backgammon Boateng Barcelona yet another revival prior to Gameomat First World War but its popularity waned during the mid 20th-century Uhrzeit In Detroit to undergo another popular revival during the s. Nintendo Life. Edmund Hoyle, the famous writer and gamesman, published a work on backgammon in the mid 's in which he outlined the rules of Backgammon. When bearing off, a player may also Faltbare Handy a lower die roll before the higher even if that means the full Real Sociedad Vs Real Madrid of the higher die is not fully utilized. British Museum. Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel. Dabei gewinnt jener Spieler, der als. The History of Backgammon. By Joy Lee Barnhart From the online manual for Bob's Backgammon. Backgammon has its origins in the early board games. Backgammon is one of the oldest board games around and players of the game could be found in Iran as early as 5, years tekamahchamberofcommerce.comue reading. Backgammon history begins about years ago in Mesopotamia (today's Iran, Iraq and Syria) with a game called the Royal Game of Ur. Archeological digs in.
Whatever did happen to Lord Lucan? Several new players, including the Dowager Duchess, have joined his menagerie to help to paint a graphic picture of life in the high stakes chouette — the very lifeblood of backgammon.
What Colour is the Wind? After the release of his first book Chris decided to publish an anthology of his articles for The Independent every few years.
This was a period in backgammon when there were huge steps forward in the theory because of the arrival of neural net computers such as Jellyfish and Snowie.
The somewhat enigmatic title is explained in the introduction to the book. The material covers not only the development of backgammon theory but also looks at the history of the game such as the advent of the doubling cube and some of the more colourful players who have played the game.
Everyone, no matter what their skill, will find something in these pages to raise the level of their game and show them new aspects of backgammon.
Backgammon actually had its beginnings not far from Troy modern-day Anatolia, Turkey. Its earliest ancestor may well have come from ancient Mesopotamia—Sumer, to be specific.
Speaking of, throwing bones is likely the starting point for backgammon—and all dice games, really. Dice games developed all over the world.
Originally, tribal priests would roll dice made from animal bones in order to predict the future. In the s, British archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley was in modern-day Iraq excavating Ur of the Chaldees—the city described as the birthplace of Abraham in the Hebrew Bible.
Not long after, in another part of ancient Mesopotamia, archaeologists found another board, similar to those discovered by Woolley. This one had stacks of pieces under the board: dice as well as player pieces in two colors.
Skipping ahead a few thousand years, it looks like Egyptian Pharaohs had another game that may have been a precursor to modern backgammon.
The Egyptians even had a mechanical dice box that would roll the dice for you—something later replicated by the Greeks and Romans—to stop cheaters. The game is similar enough to backgammon to be in the running as a possible ancestor.
It had been thrown away in a Norman rubbish pit on the site of the first castle at Gloucester.
It must be one of the most valuable and fascinating pieces of rubbish ever found because not only is it the oldest Backgammon-type game board known in Europe, it is also the only complete Tabula set ever discovered The Intricately carved bone board onlay is possibly Viking or Anglo-Saxon.
The playing-pieces are carved in bone and antler in the Romanesque style of the Normans. The rules of Tabula bear more than a similarity to Backgammon - it was essentially the same.
Here's a comparison of the two games:. There is a possible ancestor of Tabula that would take the lineage back to before the birth of Christ.
That comes in the form of a game called 'Alea' of which a few historical mentions still survive. But, to current knowledge, the rules of Alea were never recorded and the word 'Alea' just translates as 'Die' as in a singular dice which doesn't give much away.
This is a Duodecim Scripta board held at the British Museum. Many of the boards that have been found were in disguise, as is this one, because the authorities had banned gambling.
Instead of squares to delineate the playing areas, letters were inscribed on the surface of the table in 6 sets of 6 letters.
The letters usually formed words with an amusing or trite but certainly innocuous meaning so that the Roman police would not be able to accuse the owner of the table of running a gambling den Short nardi : Set-up and rules are the same as backgammon.
Long nardi : A game that starts with all fifteen checkers placed in one line on the point and on the point.
The two players move their checkers in opposing directions, from the point towards the 1-point, or home board.
In long nardi , one checker by itself can block a point. There is no hitting in long nardi. The objective of the game is bearing all checkers off the board, and there is no doubling cube.
It is described in an epigram of Byzantine Emperor Zeno AD — Like today, each player had 15 checkers and used cubical dice with sides numbered one to six.
The only differences from modern backgammon were the use of an extra die three rather than two and the starting of all pieces off the board with them entering in the same way that pieces on the bar enter in modern backgammon.
Zeno, who was white, had a stack of seven checkers, three stacks of two checkers and two "blots", checkers that stand alone on a point and are therefore in danger of being put outside the board by an incoming opponent checker.
Zeno threw the three dice with which the game was played and obtained 2, 5 and 6. As in backgammon, Zeno could not move to a space occupied by two opponent black pieces.
The white and black checkers were so distributed on the points that the only way to use all of the three results, as required by the game rules, was to break the three stacks of two checkers into blots, exposing them and ruining the game for Zeno.
The earliest known mention of the game is in Ovid 's Ars Amatoria 'The Art of Love' , written between 1 BC and 8 AD. In Roman times, this game was also known as alea , and a likely apocryphal Latin story linked this name, and the game, to a Trojan soldier named Alea.
Race board games involving dice have existed for millennia in the Near East and eastern Mediterranean, including the game senet of Ancient Egypt.
Senet was excavated, along with illustrations, from Egyptian royal tombs dating to BC. The usual Tavla rules are same as in the neighboring Arab countries and Greece, as established over a millennium ago,  but there are also many quite different variants.
Players try to flip their pieces over the opponents' pieces to beat them. Backgammon is popular among Greeks. It is a game in which Greeks usually tease their opponent and create a lively atmosphere.
Portes: Set-up and rules the same as backgammon, except that backgammons count as gammons 2 points and there is no doubling cube. Plakoto : A game where one checker can trap another checker on the same point.
Asodio: Also known as Acey-deucey , where all checkers are off the board, and players enter by rolling either doubles or acey-deucey.
These games are played one after another, in matches of three, five, or seven points. Players use the same pair of dice in turns.
After the first game, the winner of the previous game starts first. There is no doubling cube. Over time it was replaced by other games such as xiangqi Chinese chess.
In Japan, ban-sugoroku is thought to have been brought from China in the 6th century, and is mentioned in Genji monogatari. As a gambling game, it was made illegal several times.
By the 13th century, the board game Go , originally played only by the aristocracy, had become popular among the general public.
In Korea, it is called Ssang-ryuk or Jeopo. The jeux de tables 'Games of Tables' , predecessors of modern backgammon, first appeared in France during the 11th century and became a favorite pastime of gamblers.
In , Louis IX issued a decree prohibiting his court officials and subjects from playing. In Spain , the Alfonso X manuscript Libro de los juegos , completed in , describes rules for a number of dice and table games in addition to its extensive discussion of chess.
A wooden board and checkers were recovered from the wreck of the Vasa among the belongings of the ship's officers.
Backgammon appears widely in paintings of this period, mainly those of Dutch and German painters, such as Van Ostade , Jan Steen , Hieronymus Bosch , and Bruegel.
Some surviving artworks are Cardsharps by Caravaggio the backgammon board is in the lower left and The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel the Elder the backgammon board is in the lower right.
Others include Hell Bosch and Interior of an Inn by Jan Steen. In the 16th century, Elizabethan laws and church regulations prohibited playing tables, but by the 18th century, backgammon was popular among the English clergy.
In English, the word "backgammon" is most likely derived from "back" and Middle English : gamen , meaning "game" or "play".
The earliest use documented by the Oxford English Dictionary was in The most recent major development in backgammon was the addition of the doubling cube.
It was first introduced in the s in New York City among members of gaming clubs in the Lower East Side.
The popularity of backgammon surged in the mids, in part due to the charisma of Prince Alexis Obolensky who became known as "The Father of Modern Backgammon".
He also established the World Backgammon Club of Manhattan, devised a backgammon tournament system in , then organized the first major international backgammon tournament in March , which attracted royalty, celebrities and the press.
Cigarette, liquor and car companies began to sponsor tournaments, and Hugh Hefner held backgammon parties at the Playboy Mansion.
Most recently, the United States Backgammon Federation USBGF was organized in to repopularize the game in the United States. Board and committee members include many of the top players, tournament directors and writers in the worldwide backgammon community.
The USBGF has recently created a Standards of Ethical Practice to address issues on which tournament rules fail to touch.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. One of the oldest board games for two players. For other uses, see Backgammon disambiguation.
A backgammon set, consisting of a board, two sets of 15 checkers, two pairs of dice, a doubling cube, and dice cups. Play media. Main article: Tables board game.
This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, the picture is incorrect because it does not take into account that when rolling doubles, a given distance may be traveled using the rolled number 3 or 4 times.
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See also: List of World Backgammon champions. See also: Nard game. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. New Series 1 9 : — A History of Board-Games Other than Chess.
Hacker Art Books. Backgammon For Dummies. Backgammon to Win. Lulu Com. Backgammon Galore!. Rules of play describe a particular variation of backgammon and on this there is no disagreement among international tournaments.
In fact, tournament rules sets do not usually specify these rules but might instead refer, as in the US Rules, to the 'commonly accepted rules of backgammon.
The board is illustrated with an engraved serpent coiling around itself twenty times, producing 20 slots or "points" for the game, instead of today's Other wooden boards have been found in the royal tomb of the Ur al Chaldees, the centre of Sumer, which have been dated to about BC along with dice and are known as The Royal Games of Ur.
Backgammon has been associated with aristocracy and the ruling class throughout its long history. The Roman game of Ludus Duodecim Scriptorum is thought to be a descendant of Senet and is known to have been played on a similar board consisting of 3 x 12 rows of "points", with dice.
Around the 1st-century AD one of the rows of points was dropped from the game and by the 6th-century it became known as Alea or Tabula Latin for tables.
The Latin word Tabula refers to any board game, but was often used to mean the most popular Roman board game of Alea. The Emperor Claudius is said to have been so fond of the game he had a board incorporated into his carriage so he could play wherever he went.
He is also known to have written on the subject of Backgammon but none of his writings have survived. In Asia, the game was first noted as Nard prior to at least AD in South West Asia or Persia Modern day Iran, Iraq and Syria and has constantly remained an extremely popular game in the region to this day.
Also known as Nardshir , Nardeeshir , and Nard-i-shir.The game was typically played on surfaces such as wood, using stones as markers, and dice made from bones, stones, wood or pottery and it can be traced back thousands of years BC to board games played by the Egyptians, Sumerians, Romans, and Persians. But then I consider how many layers Big Ben Slot Machine clothing Elizabethans wore all the time, and you know what? Shown are 2 drawings from Alfonso X Book of Games. While backgammon can be lost or won on the throw of the dice, tactical moves and game plans can help you adapt your play to deal with whatever comes your way. The letters usually formed words with an amusing or trite but certainly innocuous meaning so that How Many Poker Machines In Australia Roman police would not be able to Casino Kings the owner of the table of running a gambling den Backgammon is popular among Greeks. The game of backgammon continues to evolve and the last twenty years have seen a period of rapid development in the game. Several new players, including the Dowager Duchess, have joined his menagerie to help to paint a graphic picture of life in the high stakes chouette — the very lifeblood of backgammon. Nackgammon is a variant of backgammon invented by Nick "Nack" Ballard  in which players start with one less checker on the 6-point and midpoint and two checkers on the Las Vegas Party Motto. A variant of the Spider Solitaire Windows cube "beaver" is the "raccoon". New Series 4 7 : —
Backgammon History as a Community Las Vegas Party Motto QuickFix. - NavigationsmenüAmateur Volume 1